Humanoid robots are robots that are modelled after humans. On one hand, robots are designed as humanoid robots because in this guise they can interact better in human environments. On the other hand, the development of such robots also serves to supplement humans in societies with declining populations. They are designed to take on specific social roles, such as keeping people company. (Alesich & Rigby, 2017)
Other robots, like the “Mark 1” robot, modeled after actress Scarlett Johansson, is designed to help with a variety of tasks, from preparing lunch for children to providing companionship for elderly people. This service aspect is particularly focused in current discussions in Germany regarding assistance with care and therapy (Graf et al., 2020).
Discussion of the specific use of a social robot raises questions about technical feasibility, the need to redesign organizational processes, responsibilities in an interprofessional setting, and the risks associated with robotic use, such as privacy violations (Bendel, 2015, 2017, 2018). An issue, which appears little in public discussion, is consumer protection and how to regulate the dangers associated with sex robots. It could be problematic if a human is kissing a sex robot because the robot’s lips could be made from lead paint or some other toxic substance.